Land ethics has been a very important issue since the ancient times. The Dapu event caused a huge debate in land acquisition policy of Taiwan in 2010. Since then, this event has triggered many discussions about the justifiability of land levy, its necessity, and the public interest.
There are three standpoints to look at this issue: the government, the developer and the original inhabitants. Does the process of land levy meet the procedural justice? What is the agreed public interest? The property rights of the original inhabitants? The human rights? Therefore, this is not only the issue of monetary compensation, but also the issue of rights and powers.
The background factors of Taiwan’s land acquisition policy can be traced to the authoritarian government in 1950s. The government played the role of land expropriation and discretion. In recent years, the study is pointed out that the government solves financial difficulties by the land levy. The local government uses a smaller amount of money to levy the farm land and to change the farm land into construction land by way of land reclassification. Afterwards, the local government sells the construction land to the financial group company to make a big profit and thus solve its problem of financial difficulties.
This study of the Dapu event is to realize the land’s value from a Christian theological reflection by means of the research of the Old Testament and Christian ethics. In the process of land levying, what values should we notice and value?
The narrative of the Bible forms the moral rules of Christians. The faith of Christianity also empowers us to be a moral action taker. Christians should see differently when they face public domain issues. The story of Nabo Vineyard is a very good biblical narrative. It provides a concept related to the role of the king, the relationship between the land and the people of Israel, and the theology between the people and the king.
The value of the land is not only a measure of money, but also the sustainable development of land, as well as the landowners’ emotional experience and survival dependency. Facing the land, Christians have a higher value which concerns Christians’ attitude and behavior towards the land and the practice of faith. The attitude towards the land also brings out ethical responsibilities and the issues of fairness and equitability.