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John Keble in Context: The study of his sermons on Sacraments and Oxford Movement.
WONG, WEE KHONG
England National Church
|Issue Date: ||2017-01-13T03:07:37Z (UTC)
On 14 July 1833, at the St Mary’s Chapel of Oxford University, Rev John Keble preached the sermon titled “National Apostasy” whose message has traditionally been considered as the beginning of the Oxford Movement. On 9 October 1845 when Newman left the England National Church and his eventual reception into the Roman Catholic Church marked the symbolic end of this new religious reform movement. However, the England National Church’s doctrine of the sacraments (both the Baptism and the Eucharist) continued to be contentious, all these developments challenged the fundamental doctrines of the church and dented the authorities of the national church.
Upholding the new ideas and theological principles of the Oxford Movement, John Keble continued to concentrate on teaching and proclaiming sermons on the Sacraments, to defend for the doctrine of the sacraments through writing books and correspondences, and to protect the integrity and authority of the church faith. He helped to establish a systematic church doctrinal teaching on sacraments and church polity, so that all priests and believers can live holy and sanctified spiritual lives which would help them to counter the danger of being politicized and secularized.
The Introduction section lays out the thesis’ research motivation and aims, literature review and methodology, then the thesis proceeds to research on the origin and courses of the Oxford Movement and its main thoughts. The thesis critically analyzed the challenges and dangers faced by the England National Church in 19th Century and how the leaders of the Oxford Movement proposed, authored and proclaimed the significant thoughts and focused issues of the new religious reform movement.
The thesis first critically analyzed John Keble’s life and the factors that shaped his sermons and the development of his doctrine of sacraments. The thesis then proceeds to put his thoughts in the greater context of the England National Church’s teaching of the doctrine of sacraments and the related debates in the first half of 19th Century. The aim of this thesis is to research into how John Keble responded to the debates related to baptism and Eucharist of his time, through his sacramental preaching and writings of books and correspondences using the principles derived from the Oxford Movement on the doctrine of sacraments.
This thesis adopted the four aspects of contemporary hermeneutics as the method of analysis on John Keble’s sermons on baptism and Eucharist. The four aspects are namely, the biblical analysis, the doctrinal analysis, the hermeneutical analysis and the rhetorical analysis. The sermons’ messages on baptism and Eucharist are critically analyzed in order to understand his theological stance and the impacts they have on the England National Church and the general believers of the church.
It is the hope of the thesis that readers would have a deeper understanding and appreciation of John Keble’s sermons on the doctrine of Sacraments under the backdrop of the Oxford Movement’s revolutionary events. It is the hope that all churches and preachers would reflect and re-emphasize on the relationship among the doctrine of the sacraments, preaching and the church; in addition, to enhance the mentioning and en-acting of the sacraments, and the proclamation and teaching of the doctrine of sacraments so that it can become the impetus of church revival to have robust inner spiritual lives and to build up believers to live out lives of sanctification.
|Appears in Collections:||[台灣神學院] 研究部-神學碩士班（Th.M.）|
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