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|Title: ||探討美國內戰前後期間，二位黑人講道者John Jasper和Daniel Alexander Payne，其講道如何帶出解放、自由的信息|
A Study of the Message of Liberation and Freedom in Two Black Preachers during the American Civil War: John Jasper and Daniel Alexander Payne.
|Keywords: ||約翰 賈斯帕、丹尼爾 亞歷山大 佩恩、奴隸制度、解放、自由、黑人講道、民間講道者|
John Jasper, Daniel Alexander Payne, Slavery, liberation, freedom, black preaching, folk preacher
|Issue Date: ||2017-01-12T06:50:56Z (UTC)
本論文以美國內戰前後時期的二位黑人講道者，分別是John Jasper(1812-1901) 和Daniel Alexander Payne(1811-1893)為主要研究之對象，以探討黑人講道如何帶出解放與自由的信息。故本研究是以《當代講道學》講章分析的方法論，即從聖經、詮釋、神學、講道學不同的向度，進行二位黑人講道者之講章分析與比較。在不同講道者和所處不同處境之下，他們如何帶出解放與自由的信息，並比較出其中之異同，且嘗試探討其可能原因。
This thesis is a study of the message of liberation and freedom in two black preachers, John Jasper and Daniel Alexander Payne who had witnessed the American Civil War. In order to analyze and compare their sermons, this study uses four different dimensions of the sermon analysis of contemporary preaching, namely through bible, interpretation, theology and homiletics. How to understand different preachers with different situations bringing out the message of liberation and freedom, this thesis in answering this question compares their similarities and differences, and attempts to discuss those possible causes.
Generally speaking, black preaching had been deeply affected by the slavery, and inseparable from this special situation. Therefore, the sermons of black preachers, as above-mentioned four dimensions, took individual transformation as a starting point, furthermore changed the listeners’ lives, and finally made individuals free. The origin of "liberation" mentioned in this thesis is consistent with "the Black liberation theology" due to their common base on the nature of the biblical gospel. Since God takes a rescuing mission in the history of Israel and the history of mankind, of course, he also does in the oppression and injustice suffered by the black people. However, this thesis focuses on black preachers themselves, and studies how they brought out the message of liberation and freedom through the contents and methods of their preaching.
From the analysis result of this thesis, two preachers’ sermons both had brought out the message of liberty and freedom. On the other hand, as a result of their different backgrounds, educations, situations, and audiences, they used different ways in their preaching for the purpose of bringing out the message of liberation and freedom. For Jasper, who inherited the "folk preachers" tradition, God was always seen as the great savior of the oppressed people. Through Jasper’s rhetorical device such as narrative, drama, poetry, imagination, pictures, coding, discourses, celebrations, etc., this black preacher always brought out the message of liberty and freedom to the expecting black audience in the final. Furthermore, his sermons seem to be more concerned about "the hope of afterlife", that is, another world where "soul" will be completely in a free state.
However, for Payne, who was an outstanding contemporary black preacher as well as a bishop managing churches and taking responsibility for education, therefore like the other black preachers he also used eloquent narrative, poetry, pictures, celebrations, etc. for the purpose of bringing out the message of liberation and freedom, but more often he used the rational discourses, and emphasized the cultivation of moral character and knowledge of minister. Just as Croft said, it is a teaching of "the hope of this life".
Since the history of black churches, black preachers always hold the belief that "God is fair, justice and acts rightly" and thus speak for God. For those who are the servants of God, and especially the Taiwan aboriginal church preachers, black preachers are really and certainly worthy to keep us reflecting and emulating.
|Appears in Collections:||[台灣神學院] 研究部-神學碩士班（Th.M.）|
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