|Abstract: ||從金恩1948年2月開始在Ebenezer浸信會開始服事到Dexter Avenue浸信會牧會1960年1月，約有12年的時間，這時期也是他從接受神學教育到成為地方牧者、人權運動者的重要歷程。
從1954年5月2日於Dexter Avenue 浸信會應聘時的演說，金恩定位自己是先知的角色開始，以及1955年9月在「驕傲與謙卑」這篇講章中，已呈現出先知性的宣講，加上1955年12月5日因罷乘公車事件在Holt Street浸信會的講道，以及金恩的宗教經驗，筆者認為將其綜合而論，可視為金恩在先知性講道發展的重要起點。而阿摩司書5：23-24「要使你們歌唱的聲音遠離我，因為我不聽你們彈琴的響聲。惟願公平如大水滾滾，使公義如江河滔滔。」是金恩的先知性講道中常引用的經文。
Martin Luther King started to serve in Ebenezer Baptist Church in February 1948, and then he served in Dexter Avenue Baptist Church until January 1960, this period was about twelve years. This was the important process of King because he started to receive theological education, being an American Baptist minister, and leading in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
This Thesis combines two Parts: the first part is King’s life history and Sermons analysis, and the second part is analyzing according to the bible, theology, homiletics and rhetoric of contemporary preaching. And this thesis is in accordance with black preaching and prophetic preaching to research the development of King’s sermons.
King’s life history was divided into three periods in this thesis: First of all, King got an education in Crozer theological seminary in February 1948 to August 1951. Secondly, from the September of 1951, King began his graduate studies in Boston University as a doctoral student to the November of 1955 Montgomery bus boycott movement before. Lastly, from the December of 1955 to the January of 1960 King left Dexter. Of the approximately 100 sermons and papers were examined for this essay.
For one thing, King’s sermons passed on from the tradition of black preaching. Besides, he desired to present the ideas inspired by his theological training and he reflected on their own situation in black churches. He criticized and revised the black preaching and worship. King paid attention to the situation for blacks, society, and the world. After the movement of the bus boycott, King had more prophetic preaching. As a minister, preacher, he emphasized not only to change the individual salvation but also to change the societies.
Although the issue of black apartheid was an obvious dilemma that King participated in the human rights movement. King concerned about the situation of the black brothers and sisters, whether their external living conditions or the state of inner life. His sermons contained those elements. King preached to authorities and called for repentance. King declared the hope of coming righteousness to the congregation.
At first, King preached an “Acceptance address at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church” on 2 May 1954, he asserted that he felt like a prophet. Then, “Pride Versus Humility” on 25 September 1955, it illustrated King’s invocation of the prophets. The first address to the bus boycotters on 5 Decemver1955, it was one of the crucial windows into King’s work and the experience of religion. In conclusion, these were as the crucial start point into King’s prophetic preaching. “Let justice roll down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream!” (Amos 5:24). King leavened much of his oratory with this famous quotation from the prophet Amos in his prophetic preaching.