This paper attempts to utilize the model of “Argument by Analogy” contributed by A. Juthe to analyze Paul's analogy of “body and spirit” in 1st Corinthians 12. After Establishing somatology of Paul in 1 Corinthians and applying that to the analogy in 1 Cor. 12, let us further found that Paul not only use the term ‘body (σῶµα)’ this neuter singular noun in Greek to express the collective meaning - the community of believers, e also uses a neutral singular noun – ‘spirit (πνεῦµα)’ to describe the community of believers. By reinterpreting the crux verses in 1 Corinthians (e.g. 1 Cor. 2:11, 5:3-5, etc.), we find Paul not only use σῶµα in the dynamic semantic meaning between "a whole person in the sight of God" and "a whole person in the sight of men", but when σῶµαand πνεῦµα appear adjacent to each other Paul also gave two different perspectives to describe the whole person and community of believers: "σῶµα – a person in front of men / πνεῦµα – a person in front of God" and "σῶµα – a community (relationship) in front of men / πνεῦµα – a community (relationship) in front of God."